By P. R. Sammonds, J M T Thompson, J. M. T. Thompson
If you would like an concept of the place present earth technology examine is heading. however the first bankruptcy on assessing the hazards of no longer addressing carbon emissions is well worth the fee of admission.
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Additional info for Advances in Earth Science: From Earthquakes to Global Warming
Montoya-Gomez, G. (2000) An economic analysis of the potential for carbon sequestration by forests: Evidence from southern Mexico. Ecological Economics 33(2), 313–327. Department of Transport, Local Government and the Regions (2000) NERA Report on Lorry Track and Environment Costs. DTLR, UK. Department of Environment, Transport and the Regions (2000) Delivering Emission Reductions. Climate Change: The UK Programme. DETR. htm). May 17, 2007 23:23 WSPC/SPI-B424 From Earthquakes to Global Warming 22 ch01 D.
Cost-beneﬁt analyses of climate change are prone to numerous pitfalls. Firstly, the economic time-horizons applied are commonly of the order of years or decades, whilst the climate change impacts, driven by the enhanced greenhouse eﬀect, are likely to continue and intensify for centuries. Secondly, the true ‘externalities’ of each tonne of greenhouse gas emitted — the costs of a ﬂooded home in Bangladesh, a failed harvest in the Sudan or deaths from a heatwave in the South Eastern US — are diﬃcult to quantify.
Some of the carbon locked in organic matter or removed from the atmosphere by land surface erosion is buried in deep ocean sediments and slowly transferred into the earth’s mantle by the slow drift and subduction of the continental plates, or returned to the atmosphere by the uplift and exposure of buried sediments. Eventually, this carbon cycles back to the atmosphere through volcanic outgassing. The residence times for carbon in the lithosphere are millions of years: this slow, geological cycle is irrelevant on the timescales of human history, but has been the most important cycle on geological time scales of tens to hundreds of millions of years.
Advances in Earth Science: From Earthquakes to Global Warming by P. R. Sammonds, J M T Thompson, J. M. T. Thompson