By William M. Leiter
Affirmative motion has been and is still the flashpoint of America’s civil rights schedule. but whereas the affirmative motion literature is voluminous, no finished account of its significant criminal and public coverage dimensions exists. Samuel and William M. Leiter research the beginning and progress of affirmative motion, its effect on American society, its present country, and its destiny anti-discrimination position, if any. proficient via numerous diverse disciplines-law, heritage, economics, sociology, political technological know-how, city reports, and criminology-the textual content combines the suitable felony fabrics with research and statement from a number of specialists. This even-handed presentation of the topic of affirmative motion is bound to be a priceless relief to these looking to comprehend the issue’s many complexities.
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Extra resources for Affirmative Action in Antidiscrimination Law and Policy: An Overview and Synthesis
In casting doubt on the validity of group-eligibility now available to many recently arrived immigrants,117 L/S express widespread concern over this form of overinclusiveness. No less an authority than civil rights historian Professor Hugh Davis Graham shared this concern. He argued that millions of noncitizens can participate in afﬁrmative action, and this operates to disadvantage African Americans whose welfare was the original purpose of afﬁrmative action. 118 L/S have made a powerful case for a complete evaluatory examination of afﬁrmative action methodology.
Where “price-credits” failed to end underutilization, set-asides could be reinstituted. Further, a number of agencies were not subject to the “price-credit” system. For example, the Small Business Administration was still to employ the above-described “solesource” contracting procedure. Likewise, federal grant-in-aid recipients like states and localities were exempt from required benchmark use. The following includes other afﬁrmative action changes made during the Clinton years: The Department of Defense Rule of Two was rescinded (see the Department of Defense procurement policy just discussed); the Federal Communications Commission promised not to consider minority-utilization in license applications as it was charged with doing in the past; and various programs for increasing minority teachers, scientists, foreign service ofﬁcers, and managers of public broadcasting stations reportedly have been, or were supposed to be, reduced in size.
During the nineteenth century, American blacks generally refrained from organized civil resistance, preferring to cultivate various strategies of accommodation with the white majority. An example is Booker T. 1 The modern movement began early in the twentieth century with a period of interracial lobbying, litigation, and public advocacy. The ﬂagship of this phase was the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, formed in 1910 to combat Jim Crow. Its Legal Defense Fund scored notable antisegregation victories in the 1930s and 1940s, then planned and won the legendary antisegregation Brown v.
Affirmative Action in Antidiscrimination Law and Policy: An Overview and Synthesis by William M. Leiter