By Y. Alex-Assensoh
This ebook exhibits how Africa's former colonial powers--including nice Britain, France, Portugal, and Spain--trained contributors and leaders of colonial militia to be politically nonpartisan. but, the modern day militia became so politicized that many nations are this day governed or have already been governed by means of army dictators via coups d'etat, sometimes for sturdy purposes because the ebook issues out. This booklet strains the historic and political evolution of those occasions and what bodes for Africa, the place the endless army incursions into partisan politics are involved.
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Additional resources for African Military History and Politics: Ideological Coups and Incursions, 1900-Present
The actual basis of the new French colonial empire was given by Jules Ferry. . Ferry’s theory rested on four elements which, according to him, were closely linked, namely, to industrialization, protection, markets, and colonies. 21 The French applied the principles of Roman law, which included the contention that a vacant land belonged to the State, and hence such “vacant” parcels of land were declared French-owned in West Africa. The ownership was effected through an October 23, 1904 decree.
82 To translate the anger into action, therefore, in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum, a Muslim group staged a public protest at the Nigerian Embassy, describing the two dead men as Islamic martyrs who, as they claimed, had been killed by Zionism and imperialism. 83 18 AFRICAN MILITARY HISTORY AND POLITICS It is always very signiﬁcant to cite Nigeria’s Christian-Islamic divide because it is such an explosive issue that the two early coups in the country had religious undertones. The ﬁrst coup, in January 1966, was seen as having been led by Christian army ofﬁcers from the southern belt of the country; the second coup in July 1966—although led by General Gowon, a thoroughbred Christian—was, however, seen as having been Muslim-inspired because he was born and brought up in the-then Islamic northern region of Nigeria.
14 The war was an event that was bound to happen in Nigeria, because the British colonial authorities reportedly encouraged ethnic rivalry between the predominantly Islamic (or Muslim) north and the Christian south. Methods of Colonial-Cum-Imperial Rule and Their Accompanying Problems in Africa What has not been widely documented is the manner in which colonialists from Europe acquired their vast parcels of land and economic interests, coupled with the policies they put in place. Professor S. C.
African Military History and Politics: Ideological Coups and Incursions, 1900-Present by Y. Alex-Assensoh