By Linda Weiss
For greater than part a century, the USA has led the realm in constructing significant applied sciences that force the trendy economic system and underpin its prosperity. In America, Inc., Linda Weiss attributes the U.S. potential for transformative innovation to the power of its nationwide safeguard kingdom, a posh of enterprises, courses, and hybrid preparations that has built round the establishment of everlasting safeguard preparedness and the pursuit of technological supremacy. She examines how that advanced emerged and the way it has advanced based on altering geopolitical threats and family political constraints, from the chilly warfare interval to the post-9/11 era.
Weiss specializes in state-funded enterprise capital cash, new different types of know-how procurement by way of protection and security-related businesses, and innovation in robotics, nanotechnology, and renewable strength because the Eighties. Weiss argues that the nationwide defense country has been the crucible for leap forward ideas, a catalyst for entrepreneurship and the formation of latest companies, and a collaborative community coordinator for private-sector projects. Her e-book appraises power myths in regards to the military-commercial dating on the center of the nationwide safety nation. Weiss additionally discusses the consequences for figuring out U.S. capitalism, the yankee kingdom, and the way forward for American primacy as financialized organisations curtail funding in production and innovation.
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It follows that in my account, antistatism is less a state-limiting constraint than a state-transforming force. Since this conception differs from the one advanced by Aaron Friedberg’s inﬂuential study, it is important to be clear about where our accounts differ. ” His metric was “statism,” The National Security State and Technology Leadership 17 in Weberian terms, deﬁned as an increase in “the size and strength of the executive branch of the federal government” (Friedberg 2000, 10). Having examined budgets, force levels, weapons systems, research programs, institutions, and policies, he concludes that in spite of developing a commanding national security structure, America resisted statism throughout the Cold War.
Dwight D. Eisenhower, 1953 There is one thing we do know, we cannot settle for anything short of technological leadership in R&D related to national security. 1 Rather than retell that story here, I highlight just one aspect of pivotal importance to the argument of this book: namely, the rise and evolution of the NSS as an innovation enterprise that concentrates national responsibility for science and technology. How that role emerged and took shape and how it embraced a variety of actors in the private sector is a fascinating story in itself.
The “close integration of military and civilian resources,” he argued, would engender better understanding of defense needs and civilian capabilities, beneﬁt the armed forces, and enhance the nation’s security. Eisenhower envisaged a model of technology development premised on the public-private integration that had led the United States to victory. ”18 In this model, state-based agents would ideally undertake three tasks: ﬁrst, form partnerships and alliances with private actors throughout the national economy; second, negotiate private-sector support for state-directed projects; and third, leverage both public and private resources in pursuit of national technological objectives.
America Inc.?: Innovation and Enterprise in the National Security State by Linda Weiss