By National Research Council, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, Board on Army Science and Technology, Committee on Review and Evaluation of Alternative Technologies for the Demilitarization of Assembled Chemical Weapons: Phase II
The application supervisor for Assembled Chemical guns review (PMACWA) of the dept of protection (DOD) asked the nationwide study Council (NRC) to evaluate the engineering layout reviews (EDSs) built through Parsons/Honeywell and common Atomics for a chemical demilitarization facility to fully get rid of the assembled chemical guns on the Pueblo Chemical Depot in Pueblo, Colorado. to complete the duty, the NRC shaped the Committee on evaluate and overview of different applied sciences for Demilitarization of Assembled Chemical guns: section II (ACW II Committee). This document offers the result of the committee's clinical and technical evaluate, in order to help the place of work of the Secretary of protection in choosing the know-how package deal for destroying the chemical munitions at Pueblo.
The committee evaluated the engineering layout applications proposed by way of the know-how prone and the linked experimental reports that have been played to validate unproven unit operations. an important a part of the trying out software concerned increasing the expertise base for the hydrolysis of lively fabrics linked to assembled guns. This strategy was once a priority expressed through the Committee on evaluation and evaluate of different applied sciences for Demilitarization of Assembled Chemical guns (ACW I Committee) in its unique file in 1999 (NRC, 1999). the current research happened because the experimental experiences have been in development. from time to time, assessments for the various assisting unit operations weren't accomplished in time for the committee to include effects into its evaluate. In these circumstances, the committee pointed out and mentioned power troublesome areas in those operations. in keeping with its services and its competitive data-gathering actions, the committee was once in a position to behavior a finished assessment of the try out info that have been accomplished for the general procedure layout. This file summarizes the study.
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Also, they might separate from the aqueous phase of the hydrolysate and affect the reaction time for complete hydrolysis. The researchers at LANL recognize the concerns of the ACW I Committee about the formation of picric acid in the presence of lead, particularly the lead stearate in the M28 propellant, which could lead to the formation of lead picrate, a very sensitive explosive (Bishop, 2000). LANL characterized TNT and tetrytol hydrolysate for picric acid by highpressure liquid chromatography and differential scanning calorimetry and found no evidence of picric acid or any other known energetic material (Bishop, 2001).
This report presents the committee’s evaluation of the two EDPs and associated testing developed for Pueblo. • The testing program sponsored by PMACWA to develop data for optimizing engineering designs for the hydrolysis of energetic materials (as discussed in Chapter 2), • The testing program by General Atomics to develop data to support engineering design studies of its technology package (as discussed in Chapter 3), and • The testing program by Parsons/Honeywell to develop data to support engineering design studies of its technology package (as discussed in Chapter 4).
The case of tetryl in tetrytol is quite different. TNT and tetryl are very similar chemically, so the solubility of tetryl in molten TNT is quite high (82 g/100 g TNT at 80°C [176°F]; 149 g/100 g TNT at 100°C [212°F]) (Kaye and Herman, 1980). Tetryl in tetrytol is mostly dissolved in the TNT phase, so the rate of dissolution and subsequent reaction in the hydrolysis medium depends mainly on the TNT/tetryl droplet size and not on the particle size of the tetryl that was originally used to make the tetrytol.
Analysis of Engineering Design Studies for Demilitarization of Assembled Chemical Weapons at Pueblo Chemical Depot (The Compass series) by National Research Council, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, Board on Army Science and Technology, Committee on Review and Evaluation of Alternative Technologies for the Demilitarization of Assembled Chemical Weapons: Phase II